Synthesis and antibacterial activity of amphiphilic lysine-ligated neomycin B conjugates

Authors: Bera, Smritilekha; Zhanel, George G.; Schweizer, Frank; Carbohydrate Research; (2011); 10.1016/j.carres.2011.01.015

Amphiphilic lysine-ligated neomycin B building blocks were prepared by reductive amination of a protected C5″-modified neomycin B-based aldehyde and side chain-unprotected lysine or lysine-containing peptides. It was demonstrated that a suitably protected lysine-ligated neomycin B conjugate (NeoK) serves as a building block for peptide synthesis, enabling incorporation of aminoglycoside binding sites into peptides. Antibacterial testing of three amphiphilic lysine-ligated neomycin B conjugates against a representative panel of Gram-positive and Gram-negative strains demonstrates that C5″-modified neomycin-lysine conjugate retains antibacterial activity. However, in most cases the lysine-ligated neomycin B analogs display reduced potency against Gram-positive strains when compared to unmodified neomycin B or unligated peptide. An exception is MRSA where an eightfold enhancement was observed. When compared to unmodified neomycin B, the prepared lysine-neomycin conjugates exhibited a 4–8-fold enhanced Gram-negative activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and up to 12-fold enhanced activity was observed when compared to unligated reference peptides.