Peptide conjugates of 4-aminocyclophosphamide as prodrugs of phosphoramide mustard for selective activation by prostate-specific antigen (PSA)

Authors: Jiang, Yongying; Hu, Longqin; Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry; (2013); 10.1016/j.bmc.2013.09.039

In our continued effort to develop prodrugs of phosphoramide mustard, conjugates of 4-aminocyclophosphamide (4-NH2-CPA) with three PSA-specific peptides were synthesized and evaluated as substrates of PSA. These include conjugates of cis-(2R,4R)-4-NH2-CPA with a tetrapeptide Succinyl-Ser-Lys-Leu-Gln-OH, a hexapeptide Succinyl-His-Ser-Ser-Lys-Leu-Gln-OH, and a pentapeptide Glutaryl-Hyp-Ala-Ser-Chg-Gln-OH. These conjugates were cleaved by PSA efficiently and exclusively after the expected glutamine residue to release 4-NH2-CPA, the activated prodrug form of phosphoramide mustard. The cleavage was most efficient for the pentapeptide conjugate 3 (Glutaryl-Hyp-Ala-Ser-Chg-Gln-NH-CPA), which showed a half-life of 55 min with PSA, followed by the hexapeptide conjugate 2 (Succinyl-His-Ser-Ser-Lys-Leu-Gln-NH-CPA) and the tertrapeptide conjugate 1 (Succinyl-Ser-Lys-Leu-Gln-NH-CPA) with half-lives of 6.5 and 12h, respectively. These results indicate a potential of the conjugate 3 as an anticancer prodrug of phosphoramide mustard for selective PSA activation.